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Martin Luther 95 Thesis

95 Theses - Luther - ICLnet 95 Theses - Luther - ICLnet
Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences by Dr. Martin Luther (1517) Published in: Works of Martin Luther: Adolph Spaeth, L.D. Reed, Henry Eyster Jacobs, et Al., Trans. & Eds.

Martin Luther 95 Thesis

Those tares of changing the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory were evidently sown while the bishops slept (mt 1325). This unbridled preaching of indulgences makes it difficult even for learned men to rescue the reverence which is due the pope from slander or from the shrewd questions of the laity. The dying are freed by death from all penalties, are already dead as far as the canon laws are concerned, and have a right to be released from them.

If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. No one is sure that his own contrition is sincere much less that he has attained full remission. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not pour out such treasures so easily, but only gather them.

Peter and against the pope. The treasures of the church, out of which the pope. Co 1228) to say that the cross emblazoned with the papal coat of arms, and set up by the indulgence preachers is equal in worth to the cross of christ is blasphemy.

Christians are to be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons because love grows by works of love, and man becomes better but by pardons man does not grow better, only more free from penalty. If it is at all possible to grant to any one the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission can be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to the very fewest. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the greatest graces are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain.

This word cannot be understood as referring to the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, as administered by the clergy. With souls in purgatory it seems necessary that horror should grow less and love increase. Hell, purgatory, and heaven seem to differ the same as despair, fear, and assurance of salvation.

They are nevertheless in truth the most insignificant graces when compared with the grace of god and the piety of the cross. Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend the buying of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy. The treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the riches of men. Nevertheless, papal remission and blessing are by no means to be disregarded, for they are, as i have said (thesis 6), the proclamation of the divine remission. We say on the contrary that papal indulgences cannot remove the very least of venial sins as far as guilt is concerned.


Martin Luther's 95 Theses


Out of love for the truth and from desire to elucidate it, the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and Sacred Theology, and ordinary lecturer therein at Wittenberg, intends to defend the following statements and to dispute on them in that place.

Martin Luther 95 Thesis

Martin Luther's 95 Theses: Martin Luther, Stephen J. Nichols ...
On the last day of October in 1517, a 33-year old highly enraged Augustinian monk named Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, objecting to the sale of indulgences by the Roman Catholic Church.
Martin Luther 95 Thesis No one is sure of the integrity of his own contrition, much less of having received plenary remission. They are nevertheless in truth the most insignificant graces when compared with the grace of god and the piety of the cross. Every true christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of christ and the church and this is granted him by god, It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box. But this treasure is naturally most odious, Papal indulgences must be preached with caution. Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that st. Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of god and the piety of the cross. Those priests act ignorantly and wickedly who, in the case of the dying, Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of christ, peace, peace, and there is no peace! Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of christ, cross, cross, and there is no cross! Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following christ, their head, through penalties.
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    This changing of the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory is quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept. Christians are to be taught that the buying of pardons is a matter of free will, and not of commandment. Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers? Again -- what is it that the pope remits, and what participation does he grant to those who, by perfect contrition, have a right to full remission and participation? Again -- what greater blessing could come to the church than if the pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does once, and bestow on every believer these remissions and participations? Since the pope, by his pardons, seeks the salvation of souls rather than money, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted heretofore, since these have equal efficacy? To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make christians unhappy. Again, it seems unproved that they, or at least that all of them, are certain or assured of their own blessedness, though we may be quite certain of it. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not pour out such treasures so easily, but only gather them.

    The true treasure of the church is the most holy gospel of the glory and the grace of god. Christians are to be taught that he who sees a man in need, and passes him by, and gives his money for pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of god. It is vain to trust in salvation by indulgence letters, even though the indulgence commissary, or even the pope, were to offer his soul as security. They are the enemies of christ and the pope who forbid altogether the preaching of the word of god in some churches in order that indulgences may be preached in others. Christians are to be taught that the pope, in granting pardons, needs, and therefore desires, their devout prayer for him more than the money they bring.

    If remission of all penalties whatsoever could be granted to anyone at all, certainly it would be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to very few. Again, why are funeral and anniversary masses for the dead continued and why does he not return or permit the withdrawal of the endowments founded for them, since it is wrong to pray for the redeemed? Again, what is this new piety of god and the pope that for a consideration of money they permit a man who is impious and their enemy to buy out of purgatory the pious soul of a friend of god and do not rather, beca use of the need of that pious and beloved soul, free it for pure loves sake? Again, why are the penitential canons, long since abrogated and dead in actual fact and through disuse, now satisfied by the granting of indulgences as though they were still alive and in force? Again, why does not the pope, whose wealth is today greater than the wealth of the richest crassus, build this one basilica of st. The pope neither desires nor is able to remit any penalties except those imposed by his own authority or that of the canons. Peter and the pope. Our lord and master jesus christ, when he said poenitentiam agite, willed that the whole life of believers should be repentance. Peter, to many of those from whom certain hawkers of indulgences cajole money. The imperfect health of soul, that is to say, the imperfect love, of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear. Therefore by full remission of all penalties the pope means not actually of all, but only of those imposed by himself. Christians are to be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep back what is necessary for their own families, and by no means to squander it on pardons. For it is clear that the popes power is of itself sufficient for the remission of penalties and cases reserved by himself.

    Martin Luther was born to Hans Luder (or Ludher, later Luther) and his wife Margarethe (née Lindemann) on 10 November 1483 in Eisleben, County of Mansfeld in the Holy Roman Empire.

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    Every truly repentant christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. This fear or horror is sufficient in itself, to say nothing of other things, to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of despair. Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the church is in the power of god alone. Nor are they the merits of christ and the saints, for, even without the pope, the latter always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for the outer man Buy now Martin Luther 95 Thesis

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    The penitential canons are imposed only on the living, and, according to them, nothing should be imposed on the dying. We say on the contrary that papal indulgences cannot remove the very least of venial sins as far as guilt is concerned. Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of christ, peace, peace, and there is no peace! Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of christ, cross, cross, and there is no cross! Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following christ, their head, through penalties, deaths, and hell and thus be confident of entering into heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the assurance of peace. They preach man who say that so soon as the penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out of purgatory Martin Luther 95 Thesis Buy now

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    The treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the riches of men. Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. It is certainly the popes sentiment that if indulgences, which are a very insignificant thing, are celebrated with one bell, one procession, and one ceremony, then the gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies. The penalty of sin, therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues for this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven. We say, on the contrary, that the papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned Buy Martin Luther 95 Thesis at a discount

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    Such as why does not the pope empty purgatory for the sake of holy love and the dire need of the souls that are there if he redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a church? The former reason would be most just the latter is most trivial. Those who believe that they can be certain of their salvation because they have indulgence letters will be eternally damned, together with their teachers. Therefore the pope, when he uses the words plenary remission of all penalties, does not actually mean all penalties, but only those imposed by himself. They preach only human doctrines who say that as soon as the money clinks into the money chest, the soul flies out of purgatory Buy Online Martin Luther 95 Thesis

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    Lawrence said that the poor of the church were the treasures of the church, but he spoke according to the usage of the word in his own time. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the greatest graces are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain. To wit -- why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love and of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a church? The former reasons would be most just the latter is most trivial. Such as why does not the pope empty purgatory for the sake of holy love and the dire need of the souls that are there if he redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a church? The former reason would be most just the latter is most trivial Buy Martin Luther 95 Thesis Online at a discount

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    The true treasure of the church is the most holy gospel of the glory and grace of god. The power which the pope has, in a general way, over purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in a special way, within his own diocese or parish. Without want of consideration we say that the keys of the church, given by the merits of christ, are that treasure. If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. Men must be on their guard against those who say that the popes pardons are that inestimable gift of god by which man is reconciled to him for these graces of pardon concern only the penalties of sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man Martin Luther 95 Thesis For Sale

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    Thus those indulgence preachers are in error who say that a man is absolved from every penalty and saved by papal indulgences. It seems as though for the souls in purgatory fear should necessarily decrease and love increase. The treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the riches of men. Nevertheless, papal remission and blessing are by no means to be disregarded, for they are, as i have said (thesis 6), the proclamation of the divine remission. Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of god and the piety of the cross.

    For the graces of indulgences are concerned only with the penalties of sacramental satisfaction established by man For Sale Martin Luther 95 Thesis

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    They are the enemies of christ and the pope who forbid altogether the preaching of the word of god in some churches in order that indulgences may be preached in others. Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that st. This fear or horror is sufficient in itself, to say nothing of other things, to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of despair. Every truly repentant christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. Injury is done to the word of god when, in the same sermon, an equal or larger amount of time is devoted to indulgences than to the word Sale Martin Luther 95 Thesis

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